Know about covid-19 and its transmission

Since 2019, COVID-19 has been the most feared infection by the population across the globe. COVID-19 has severely impacted millions' lives and was declared as the most fatal health disaster ever reported. It is caused by a mutated strain of coronaviruses called SARS-CoV-2. Moreover, it is one of the most contagious viral infections affecting people regardless of age, gender, and ethnicity. Of course, the discovery of the COVID-19 vaccine in such a short time frame is a groundbreaking victory for scientists globally. Unfortunately, till today, there is no definite treatment discovered for treating COVID-19. Scientists across the globe are racing to accelerate research to put an end to this global pandemic.
How is COVID-19 transmitted?
COVID-19 is a highly contagious respiratory droplet/aerosol infection that spreads from person to person quickly. The disease is mainly spread by direct contact with the saliva or nasal secretions released into the air when the infected person speaks, sings, breathes, coughs, or sneezes. Close contact with the infected patients can transmit the infection. Besides, the virus can spread in overcrowded, poorly ventilated interior areas where people frequently spend a long time together, like public transport, bars, pubs, gatherings, fairs, etc. That is because aerosols containing the virus particles can linger in the air or travel far beyond conversational proximity. The route of transmission is often called long-range aerosol or airborne transmission.Following are the best ways to prevent getting and giving a COVID-19 infection:

Adopting a hygienic practice
Wearing face masks in public places and transports
Frequently sanitizing hands with soap and water or with alcohol-based sanitizers
Avoid crowded places and gatherings
Maintaining a safe distance of 1.5 meters or more with others
Taking COVID-19 vaccinations in optimal doses
Individuals who tested positive must rest properly and self-isolate to prevent spreading to others.