Immunotherapy is a type of treatment that helps the immune system fight cancer cells. It is a relatively new treatment option for colon cancer that has been showing promise in recent years.
There are several types of immunotherapy for colon cancer, including:
Checkpoint inhibitors: These drugs help to remove the "brakes" on the immune system, allowing it to attack cancer cells more effectively.
Monoclonal antibodies: These drugs are designed to target specific proteins on the surface of cancer cells, helping the immune system to recognize and attack them.
Cancer vaccines: These vaccines are designed to train the immune system to recognize and attack cancer cells.
Cytokine therapy: This therapy involves using drugs to increase the levels of certain immune system cells and chemicals in the body to help fight cancer.
Immunotherapy can be given alone or in combination with other treatments such as chemotherapy. It is usually recommended for patients with advanced stage cancer, as it can help to extend life expectancy and improve the quality of life. It is also being studied in earlier stages of cancer in combination with other treatments.
It is important to note that not all patients will respond to immunotherapy and it may cause side effects such as fatigue, rash, or flu-like symptoms. Your oncologist will be able to provide more information about whether immunotherapy is a viable option for you and what to expect from this treatment.
For more information, consult Dr. Chintamani Godbole as he provides the Best Colon Cancer Treatment in Mumbai.